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Gogs Markdown Renderer Cross Site Scripting

Gogs Markdown Renderer Cross Site Scripting
Posted Nov 14, 2014
Authored by Timo Schmid, Pascal Turbing, Jiahua Chen

Gogs markdown renderer suffers from a cross site scripting vulnerability. Versions 0.3.1-9-g49dc57e are affected.

tags | exploit, xss
advisories | CVE-2014-8683
MD5 | e4f06eee255c13a0d4c3a788994c4aa5

Gogs Markdown Renderer Cross Site Scripting

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XSS in Gogs Markdown Renderer
=============================
Researcher: Timo Schmid <tschmid@ernw.de>


Description
===========
Gogs(Go Git Service) is a painless self-hosted Git Service written in
Go. (taken
from [1])

It is very similiar to the github hosting plattform. Multiple users can
create
multiple repositories and share code with others with the git version
control
system. Repositories can be marked as public or private to prevent
access from
unauthorized users.

Gogs provides two api views to transform markdown into HTML at the urls
/api/v1/markdown and /api/v1/markdown/raw

The transformation is vulnerable to XSS.


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


CVSS Base Score
===============
4.3 (AV:N / AC:M / Au:N / C:P / I:N / A:N)


CVE-ID
======
CVE-2014-8683


Impact
======
The vulnerability could be used together with social engineering attacks
to gain
access to restricted resources by extracting authentication tokens from
cookies
or by executing commands in the context of the logged in victim.


Status
======
Not fixed


Vulnerable Code Section
=======================
models/issue.go:
[...]
func RenderMarkdown(rawBytes []byte, urlPrefix string) []byte {
body := RenderSpecialLink(rawBytes, urlPrefix)
body = RenderRawMarkdown(body, urlPrefix)
return body
}

func RenderMarkdownString(raw, urlPrefix string) string {
return string(RenderMarkdown([]byte(raw), urlPrefix))
}
[...]


Proof of Concept
================
Form to trigger XSS:
<form action="http://example.com/api/v1/markdown" method="post">
<input name="text" value="<img
onerror="alert("XSS")
" src="x">">
<input type="submit">
</form>

Response:
<p><img onerror="alert("XSS")" src="x"></p>


Solution
========
The markdown processing should reject or filter any HTML input and
process only
markdown content.


Affected Versions
=================
>= v0.3.1-9-g49dc57e


Timeline
========
2014-09-25: Developer informed
2014-10-16: Contact of developer regarding fix
2014-10-25: Working together with developer on fix
2014-11-03: Contacted developer
2014-11-14: CVE-ID assigned


Credits
=======
Pascal Turbing <pturbing@ernw.de>
Jiahua (Joe) Chen <u@gogs.io>


References
==========
[1] https://github.com/gogits/gogs
[2] http://gogs.io/
[3] https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Cross-site_Scripting_(XSS)
[4] https://www.ernw.de/download/BC-1404.txt


Advisory-ID
===========
BC-1404


Disclaimer
==========
The information herein contained may change without notice. Use of this
information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There
are NO
warranties, implied or otherwise, with regard to this information or its
use.
Any use of this information is at the user's risk. In no event shall the
author/
distributor be held liable for any damages whatsoever arising out of or in
connection with the use or spread of this information.

- --
Timo Schmid

ERNW GmbH, Carl-Bosch-Str. 4, 69115 Heidelberg - www.ernw.de
Tel. +49 6221 480390 - Fax 6221 419008 - Cell +49 151 16227192
PGP-FP 971B D4F7 5DD1 FCED 11FC 2C61 7AB6 927D 6F26 6CE0

Handelsregister Mannheim: HRB 337135
Geschaeftsfuehrer: Enno Rey

==============================================================
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==============================================================
================== TROOPERS15 ==================
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* 16th - 20st March 2015 / Heidelberg, Germany
* www.troopers.de
====================================================
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