exploit the possibilities

PayPal Community Forums Open Redirect

PayPal Community Forums Open Redirect
Posted Dec 14, 2012
Authored by Benjamin Kunz Mejri | Site vulnerability-lab.com

PayPal Community Forums suffered from an open redirection vulnerability.

tags | exploit
MD5 | 64530daa152d059dec7ace3be1dcaf02

PayPal Community Forums Open Redirect

Change Mirror Download
Title:
======
Paypal Bug Bounty #34 - Redirect Web Vulnerability


Date:
=====
2012-12-12


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=718


VL-ID:
=====
718


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
2.2


Introduction:
=============
PayPal is a global e-commerce business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. Online money
transfers serve as electronic alternatives to paying with traditional paper methods, such as checks and money orders. Originally,
a PayPal account could be funded with an electronic debit from a bank account or by a credit card at the payer s choice. But some
time in 2010 or early 2011, PayPal began to require a verified bank account after the account holder exceeded a predetermined
spending limit. After that point, PayPal will attempt to take funds for a purchase from funding sources according to a specified
funding hierarchy. If you set one of the funding sources as Primary, it will default to that, within that level of the hierarchy
(for example, if your credit card ending in 4567 is set as the Primary over 1234, it will still attempt to pay money out of your
PayPal balance, before it attempts to charge your credit card). The funding hierarchy is a balance in the PayPal account; a
PayPal credit account, PayPal Extras, PayPal SmartConnect, PayPal Extras Master Card or Bill Me Later (if selected as primary
funding source) (It can bypass the Balance); a verified bank account; other funding sources, such as non-PayPal credit cards.
The recipient of a PayPal transfer can either request a check from PayPal, establish their own PayPal deposit account or request
a transfer to their bank account.

PayPal is an acquirer, performing payment processing for online vendors, auction sites, and other commercial users, for which it
charges a fee. It may also charge a fee for receiving money, proportional to the amount received. The fees depend on the currency
used, the payment option used, the country of the sender, the country of the recipient, the amount sent and the recipient s account
type. In addition, eBay purchases made by credit card through PayPal may incur extra fees if the buyer and seller use different currencies.

On October 3, 2002, PayPal became a wholly owned subsidiary of eBay. Its corporate headquarters are in San Jose, California, United
States at eBay s North First Street satellite office campus. The company also has significant operations in Omaha, Nebraska, Scottsdale,
Arizona, and Austin, Texas, in the United States, Chennai, Dublin, Kleinmachnow (near Berlin) and Tel Aviv. As of July 2007, across
Europe, PayPal also operates as a Luxembourg-based bank.

On March 17, 2010, PayPal entered into an agreement with China UnionPay (CUP), China s bankcard association, to allow Chinese consumers
to use PayPal to shop online.PayPal is planning to expand its workforce in Asia to 2,000 by the end of the year 2010.
Between December 4ñ9, 2010, PayPal services were attacked in a series of denial-of-service attacks organized by Anonymous in retaliation
for PayPal s decision to freeze the account of WikiLeaks citing terms of use violations over the publication of leaked US diplomatic cables.

(Copy of the Homepage: www.paypal.com) [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PayPal]


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a client side Web Vulnerability in the official Paypal Community Website Application.


Report-Timeline:
================
2012-10-03: Researcher Notification & Coordination
2012-10-04: Vendor Notification
2012-11-03: Vendor Response/Feedback
2012-12-10: Vendor Fix/Patch
2012-12-11: Public or Non-Public Disclosure


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
PayPal Inc
Product: Community (Forums) v2012 Q3


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
Low


Details:
========
A client side redirect vulnerability is detected in the official PayPal Inc Community Portal Website Application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to redirect client side requests to malicious external websites and
targets without permission.

The bug is located in the ssoredirectpage module of the paypal community application with the bound vulnerable
permissiondenied&referer= parameter requests.

Exploitation requires medium or high user interaction and the attack can be processed without privileged paypal
application user account. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability can result in client side phishing,
client site conext manipulation or redirection to external malicious targets.

Vulnerable Section(s):
[+] Authentication

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] ssoredirectpage

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] &redirectreason=permissiondenied&referer=


Proof of Concept:
=================
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged user application account and with
medium or high required user inter action. For demonstration or reproduce ...

Example:
https://[PAYPAL-COMMUNITY]/[PATH]/[AUTHENTICATION]/[sso redirect]?[flag]+[reason&referer]=[External Redirect Vulnerability]


PoC:
https://www.paypal-community.com/t5/authentication/ssoredirectpage?
infoFlag=on&redirectreason=permissiondenied&referer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.permission-granted-4-bkm.de

https://www.paypal-community.com/t5/authentication/ssoredirectpage?referer=https%3A%2F
%2Fwww.vulnerability-lab.com&infoFlag=getprofile&token=HA-XHJZSG8TRPH7C


Location=
https://www.paypal-community.com/t5/authentication/ssoredirectpage?
infoFlag=on&redirectreason=permissiondenied&referer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.paypal-community.com%2Ft5%2Fforums
%2Fpostpage%2Fboard-id%2Fsecurityresearch%3Fform.submit_token%3DNM0ZViFcrnfrtR8je8jpmQ..

URL=https://paypal.d1.sc.omtrdc.net/b/ss/paypalglobal/1/H.24.2/s52166083797818?
AQB=1&ndh=1&t=4%2F9%2F2012%201%3A16%3A20%204%20-120&vmt=51437A79&vmf=paypal.112.2o7.net&ce=UTF-
8&ns=paypal&pageName=x-mepe%3Asignup%3Aappcaller%3Aappcallerauthsuccessful&g=https%3A%2F
%2Fwww.paypal.com%2Fde%2Fcgi-bin%2Fwebscr%3Fcmd%3D_flow%26SESSION
%3DpEIEBDB8baOV40FqNMaoZvXOux_nbyTXQqW5wrBCQ_WU0SqckXPZQctmfTK%26dispatch
%3D5885d80a13c0db1f8e263663d3faee8db02a037e263542f58098410815cf7df7&r=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.paypal.com
%2Fcgi-bin%2Fwebscr%3Fcmd%3D_flow%26SESSION%3DlAisG0H0cvMAGA8w53WAwKerM8eUv84--
qALlwr_JFy302IeJw0vVgU_EC0%26dispatch
%3D5885d80a13c0db1f8e263663d3faee8db02a037e263542f58098410815cf7df7&cc=USD&c26=click%20here.&c27=x-mepe
%3Asignup%3Aappcaller%3Aappcallerauthsuccessful%7Cclick%20here.&v35=click%20here.&c43=x-mepe%3Asignup
%3Aappcaller%3Aappcallerauthsuccessful&c47=D
%3DpageName&pe=lnk_e&s=1366x768&c=24&j=1.7&v=Y&k=Y&bw=1366&bh=522&p=Java(TM)%20Platform%20SE
%207%20U7%3BShockwave%20Flash%3BNitro%20PDF%20Plug-In%3BSilverlight%20Plug-In%3BShockwave%20for
%20Director%3BMicrosoft%20Office%20Live%20Plug-in%20for%20Firefox%3B&pe=lnk_e&pev1=https%3A%2F
%2Fwww.paypal-community.com%2Ft5%2Fauthentication%2Fssoredirectpage%3Freferer%3Dhttps%253A%252F
%252Fwww.google.com%26infoFlag%3Dgetprofile%26token%3DHA-XHJZSG8TRPH7C&pev2=click%20here.&pid=x-mepe
%3Asignup%3Aappcaller%3Aappcallerauthsuccessful&pidt=1&oid=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.paypal-community.com
%2Ft5%2Fauthentication%2Fssoredirectpage%3Freferer%3Dhttps%253A%252F%252Fwww.google.&ot=A&AQE=1

Reference(s):
../pp-ref3.dat


Solution:
=========
The vulnerability can be patched by parsing in the ssoredirectpage module the referer parameter request.


Risk:
=====
The security risk of the client side redirect vulnerability is estimated as low(+).


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@vulnerability-lab.com)


Disclaimer:
===========
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability-Lab disclaims all warranties,
either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-
Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business
profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation
may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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Copyright © 2012 | Vulnerability Laboratory



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