exploit the possibilities

PayPal Community Forum Cross Site Scripting

PayPal Community Forum Cross Site Scripting
Posted Nov 28, 2012
Authored by Benjamin Kunz Mejri | Site vulnerability-lab.com

The PayPal Community forum at www.paypal-community.com suffered from a cross site scripting vulnerability.

tags | exploit, xss
MD5 | 9d44a224113db8d866dc36b36148f6fc

PayPal Community Forum Cross Site Scripting

Change Mirror Download
Title:
======
Paypal Bug Bounty #27 - Community Web Vulnerability


Date:
=====
2012-11-24


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=704


VL-ID:
=====
704


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
2.1


Introduction:
=============
PayPal is a global e-commerce business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. Online money
transfers serve as electronic alternatives to paying with traditional paper methods, such as checks and money orders. Originally,
a PayPal account could be funded with an electronic debit from a bank account or by a credit card at the payer s choice. But some
time in 2010 or early 2011, PayPal began to require a verified bank account after the account holder exceeded a predetermined
spending limit. After that point, PayPal will attempt to take funds for a purchase from funding sources according to a specified
funding hierarchy. If you set one of the funding sources as Primary, it will default to that, within that level of the hierarchy
(for example, if your credit card ending in 4567 is set as the Primary over 1234, it will still attempt to pay money out of your
PayPal balance, before it attempts to charge your credit card). The funding hierarchy is a balance in the PayPal account; a
PayPal credit account, PayPal Extras, PayPal SmartConnect, PayPal Extras Master Card or Bill Me Later (if selected as primary
funding source) (It can bypass the Balance); a verified bank account; other funding sources, such as non-PayPal credit cards.
The recipient of a PayPal transfer can either request a check from PayPal, establish their own PayPal deposit account or request
a transfer to their bank account.

PayPal is an acquirer, performing payment processing for online vendors, auction sites, and other commercial users, for which it
charges a fee. It may also charge a fee for receiving money, proportional to the amount received. The fees depend on the currency
used, the payment option used, the country of the sender, the country of the recipient, the amount sent and the recipient s account
type. In addition, eBay purchases made by credit card through PayPal may incur extra fees if the buyer and seller use different currencies.

On October 3, 2002, PayPal became a wholly owned subsidiary of eBay. Its corporate headquarters are in San Jose, California, United
States at eBay s North First Street satellite office campus. The company also has significant operations in Omaha, Nebraska, Scottsdale,
Arizona, and Austin, Texas, in the United States, Chennai, Dublin, Kleinmachnow (near Berlin) and Tel Aviv. As of July 2007, across
Europe, PayPal also operates as a Luxembourg-based bank.

On March 17, 2010, PayPal entered into an agreement with China UnionPay (CUP), China s bankcard association, to allow Chinese consumers
to use PayPal to shop online.PayPal is planning to expand its workforce in Asia to 2,000 by the end of the year 2010.
Between December 4ñ9, 2010, PayPal services were attacked in a series of denial-of-service attacks organized by Anonymous in retaliation
for PayPal s decision to freeze the account of WikiLeaks citing terms of use violations over the publication of leaked US diplomatic cables.

(Copy of the Homepage: www.paypal.com) [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PayPal]


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a a client side Web Vulnerability and a stable error in the official Paypal Community Forum Portal.


Report-Timeline:
================
2012-09-17: Researcher Notification & Coordination
2012-09-18: Vendor Notification
2012-10-19: Vendor Response/Feedback
2012-10-29: Vendor Fix/Patch
2012-11-26: Public Disclosure


Status:
========
Published


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
Medium


Details:
========
A client side input validation vulnerability and a stable persistent error are detected in the official PayPal Community website.
The vulnerability is located in the add tags function and the bound replace module.attackers can produce posts with permanent
errors bye replacing a standard value string with > `` < ../ and a string code or path to an existing url. Normally it should not be
possible to inject script code as foldername and replace it with more script code to crash with an unhandled exception. Attackers
can inject on client side when the exception-handling is bypassed via another validation vulnerability.


Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] add tags

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] rc


Proof of Concept:
=================
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with medium or high required user inter action.
For demonstration or reproduce ...


POC:
https://www.paypal-community.com/t5/forums/tagreplacepage/message-scope/core-node/board-id/US-Hot-Topics/user-scope/single/
user-id/4716070/tag-scope/single/tag-id/rc=a%20onload=alert%28%22VL%22%29%20%3C%20%22%3E%3Ciframe%20src=a
%20onload=alert%28%22VL%22%29%20%3Cc%20%22%3E%3C
iframe%20src=a%20onload=alert%28%22VL%22%29%20%3C%20%22%3E%3Ciframe%20src=a%20onload=alert%28%22VL
%22%29%20%3C/timerange/all/tag-visibility-scope/public

--- Error Logs ---
An Unexpected Error has occurred.
Sorry, your request failed. A notification has been sent to the development team for investigation.
Exception ID: 724C64A6
Please click the Back button on your browser.

Return to my original page

ID: 724C64A6
Session Time: 15:30 - 15:51

Reference(s):
../US-Hot-Topics.htm
../public.html
../all.htm
../424675.htm


Note:
The bug exists but the exception-handling prevents the client side execution with a unhandled error and opened
automatically a ticket for the dev team. It is very dangerous to allow special chars like > " < / ' - in the url
itself because it results in multiple different errors after a while like you can see on the not sanitized calculated output.


Solution:
=========
The vulnerability and stable error can be patched by parsing the rc parameter request.
It also required to restrict the add tag function with a character mask, own exception-handling or filter.
The result is the url with not anymore stable contain manipulate script code which results in permanent errors or client side script code attacks.

2012-10-29: Vendor Fix/Patch


Risk:
=====
The security risk of the non persistent input validation web vulnerability is estimated as low(+)|(-)medium.


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@vulnerability-lab.com)


Disclaimer:
===========
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability-Lab disclaims all warranties,
either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-
Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business
profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation
may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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Permission to electronically redistribute this alert in its unmodified form is granted. All other rights, including the use of other
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Copyright © 2012 | Vulnerability Laboratory



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