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Cryptanalysis Of INCrypt32 In HID's iCLASS Systems

Cryptanalysis Of INCrypt32 In HID's iCLASS Systems
Posted Feb 7, 2012
Authored by Daewan Han, Dong Hoon Lee, ChangKyun Kim, Chang-Ho Jung, Eun-Gu Jung

The cryptographic algorithm called INCrypt32 is a MAC algorithm to authenticate participants, RFID cards and readers, in HID Global's iCLASS systems. HID's iCLASS cards are widely used contactless smart cards for physical access control. Although INCrypt32 is a heart of the security of HID's iCLASS systems, its security has not been evaluated yet since the specification has not been open to public. In this paper, they reveal the specification of INCrypt32 by reverse engineering an iCLASS card and investigate the security of INCrypt32. As a result, we show that the secret key of size 64 bits can be recovered using only 218 MAC queries if the attacker can request MAC for chosen messages of arbitrary length. If the length of messages is limited to pre-determined values by the authentication protocol, the required number of MAC queries grows to 242 to recover the secret key.

tags | paper, arbitrary, crypto, protocol
SHA-256 | cb8784c8a30a60fd5be4ccee3a92361bbb9b0c25e831d60269f418117ec0e6b6
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