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FreeBSD Security Advisory - compress Boundary Checks

FreeBSD Security Advisory - compress Boundary Checks
Posted Sep 28, 2011
Site security.freebsd.org

FreeBSD Security Advisory - The code used to decompress a file created by compress(1) does not do sufficient boundary checks on compressed code words, allowing reference beyond the decompression table, which may result in a stack overflow or an infinite loop when the decompressor encounters a corrupted file.

tags | advisory, overflow
systems | freebsd
advisories | CVE-2011-2895
MD5 | 2da0f0fb844d408727730142ea5b6caa

FreeBSD Security Advisory - compress Boundary Checks

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=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-11:04.compress Security Advisory
The FreeBSD Project

Topic: Errors handling corrupt compress file in compress(1)
and gzip(1)

Category: core
Module: compress
Announced: 2011-09-28
Credits: Tomas Hoger, Joerg Sonnenberger
Affects: All supported versions of FreeBSD.
Corrected: 2011-09-28 08:47:17 UTC (RELENG_7, 7.4-STABLE)
2011-09-28 08:47:17 UTC (RELENG_7_4, 7.4-RELEASE-p3)
2011-09-28 08:47:17 UTC (RELENG_7_3, 7.3-RELEASE-p7)
2011-09-28 08:47:17 UTC (RELENG_8, 8.2-STABLE)
2011-09-28 08:47:17 UTC (RELENG_8_2, 8.2-RELEASE-p3)
2011-09-28 08:47:17 UTC (RELENG_8_1, 8.1-RELEASE-p5)
2011-09-28 08:47:17 UTC (RELENG_9, 9.0-RC1)
CVE Name: CVE-2011-2895

For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit <URL:http://security.FreeBSD.org/>.

I. Background

The compress utility reduces the size of files using adaptive Lempel-Ziv
coding, or LZW coding, a lossless data compression algorithm.

Both compress(1) and gzip(1) uses code derived from 4.3BSD compress(1).

II. Problem Description

The code used to decompress a file created by compress(1) does not do
sufficient boundary checks on compressed code words, allowing reference
beyond the decompression table, which may result in a stack overflow or
an infinite loop when the decompressor encounters a corrupted file.

III. Impact

An attacker who can cause a corrupt archive of his choice to be parsed
by uncompress(1) or gunzip(1), can cause these utilities to enter an
infinite loop, to core dump, or possibly to execute arbitrary code
provided by the attacker.

IV. Workaround

No workaround is available, but systems not handling adaptive Lempel-Ziv
compressed files (.Z) from untrusted source are not vulnerable.

V. Solution

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to 7-STABLE or 8-STABLE, or to
the RELENG_8_2, RELENG_8_1, RELENG_7_4, or RELENG_7_3 security
branch dated after the correction date.

2) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to FreeBSD 7.4, 7.3,
8.2 and 8.1 systems.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-11:04/compress.patch
# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-11:04/compress.patch.asc

b) Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch
# cd /usr/src/usr.bin/compress
# make obj && make depend && make && make install
# cd /usr/src/usr.bin/gzip
# make obj && make depend && make && make install

3) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:

Systems running 7.4-RELEASE, 7.3-RELEASE, 8.2-RELEASE, or 8.1-RELEASE on
the i386 or amd64 platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8)
utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install

VI. Correction details

The following list contains the revision numbers of each file that was
corrected in FreeBSD.

CVS:

Branch Revision
Path
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
RELENG_7
src/usr.bin/compress/zopen.c 1.12.10.1
src/usr.bin/gzip/zuncompress.c 1.1.4.3
RELENG_7_4
src/UPDATING 1.507.2.36.2.5
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh 1.72.2.18.2.8
src/usr.bin/compress/zopen.c 1.12.26.2
src/usr.bin/gzip/zuncompress.c 1.1.4.1.4.2
RELENG_7_3
src/UPDATING 1.507.2.34.2.9
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh 1.72.2.16.2.11
src/usr.bin/compress/zopen.c 1.12.24.2
src/usr.bin/gzip/zuncompress.c 1.1.4.1.2.2
RELENG_8
src/usr.bin/compress/zopen.c 1.12.22.2
src/usr.bin/gzip/zuncompress.c 1.2.2.3
RELENG_8_2
src/UPDATING 1.632.2.19.2.5
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh 1.83.2.12.2.8
src/usr.bin/compress/zopen.c 1.12.22.1.6.2
src/usr.bin/gzip/zuncompress.c 1.2.2.1.6.2
RELENG_8_1
src/UPDATING 1.632.2.14.2.8
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh 1.83.2.10.2.9
src/usr.bin/compress/zopen.c 1.12.22.1.4.2
src/usr.bin/gzip/zuncompress.c 1.2.2.1.4.2
RELENG_9
src/usr.bin/compress/zopen.c 1.16.2.2
src/usr.bin/gzip/zuncompress.c 1.4.2.2
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

Subversion:

Branch/path Revision
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/7/ r225827
releng/7.4/ r225827
releng/7.3/ r225827
stable/8/ r225827
releng/8.2/ r225827
releng/8.1/ r225827
stable/9/ r225827
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

VII. References

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2011-2895

The latest revision of this advisory is available at
http://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-11:04.compress.asc
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